Saturday, October 15, 2016

Whos Is U S P S Mailing System

The United States Postal Service (USPS), (also known as

the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service), is an

independent agency of the United States government

responsible for providing postal service in the United

States. It is one of the few government agencies

explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution.

The U.S. Mail traces its roots to 1775 during the Second

Continental Congress, where Benjamin Franklin was

appointed the first postmaster general. The Post Office

Department was created in 1792 from Franklin's

operation, elevated to a cabinet-level department in

1872, and transformed in 1971 into the U.S. Postal

Service as an agency of the U.S. government.

The USPS as of February 2015 has 617,254 active

employees and operated 211,264 vehicles in 2014. The

USPS is the operator of the largest civilian vehicle

fleet in the world.The USPS is legally obligated to

serve all Americans, regardless of geography, at uniform

price and quality. The USPS has exclusive access to

letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes

in the United States, but still competes against private

package delivery services, such as the United Parcel

Service (UPS) and has part use with FedEx Express.

Since the early 1980s, many of the direct tax subsidies

to the Post Office (with the exception of subsidies for

costs associated with the disabled and overseas voters)

have been reduced or eliminated in favor of indirect

subsidies, in addition to the advantages associated with

a government-enforced monopoly on the delivery of

first-class mail.Since the 2006 all-time peak mail

volume,after which Congress passed the Postal

Accountability and Enhancement Act, (which mandated

$5.5 billion per year to be paid into an account to

fully prefund employee retirement health benefits, a

requirement exceeding that of other government and

private organizations , revenue dropped sharply due

to recession-influenceddeclining mail volume,

prompting the postal service to look to other sources of

revenue while cutting costs to reduce its budget

deficit. The USPS lost $5.5 billion in fiscal year

2014 and $5.1 billion in 2015, and its revenue was $67.8

billion in 2014 and $68.9 billion in 2015.

20th century[edit]
The advent of Rural Free Delivery (RFD) in the U.S. in

1896, and the inauguration of a domestic parcel post

service by Postmaster General Frank H. Hitchcock in

1913, greatly increased the volume of mail shipped

nationwide, and motivated the development of more

efficient postal transportation systems.[28] Many rural

customers took advantage of inexpensive Parcel Post

rates to order goods and products from businesses

located hundreds of miles away in distant cities for

delivery by mail.[29] From the 1910s to the 1960s, many

college students and others used parcel post to mail

home dirty laundry, as doing so was less expensive than

washing the clothes themselves.[30]

After four-year-old Charlotte May Pierstorff was mailed

from her parents to her grandparents in Idaho in 1914,

mailing of people was prohibited.[29] In 1917, the Post

Office imposed a maximum daily mailable limit of two

hundred pounds per customer per day after a business

entrepreneur, W.H. Coltharp, used inexpensive parcel-

post rates to ship more than eighty thousand masonry

bricks some four hundred seven miles via horse-drawn

wagon and train for the construction of a bank building

in Vernal, Utah.[31][32]

The advent of parcel post also led to the growth of Mail

order businesses that substantially increased rural

access to modern goods over what was typically stocked

in local general stores.